|Blinders / Blinkers
|Blinders, also known as blinkers, are a piece of horse tack that prevent the horse seeing to the rear and, in some cases, to the side.
|Bounce||A poor performance by a horse following an exceptionally good performance|
|Chalk||The betting favorite in a race|
|Entry||Two or more horses representing one betting interest|
|Handle||Total money wagered|
|Morning Line||A prediction of the odds for each horse set by the track handicapper prior to the opening of wagering|
|Odds On||Odds of less than even money|
|Parimutuel betting||Parimutuel betting is a betting system in which all bets of a particular type are placed together in a pool. The “house-take” (and any taxes) are removed, before payoff odds are calculated by sharing the pool among all winning bets.|
|Simulcast||A simultaneous live television transmission of a race to other tracks, off-track betting offices, or other betting outlets|
|Totalisator||A totalizator calculates and displays bets during parimutuel betting.
Because of this, parimutuel betting is sometimes referred to as tote.
|Check||When the horse is pulled up briefly by its jockey to stay out of trouble.|
|Closer||A horse that performs best during the later stage of a race.|
|Hand||A hand is four inches.
The height of a horse is measured in hands and inches, from the ground to the withers.
|Pace-setter||A horse that is running in front during a race|
|Stalker||A horse that runs just behind the leading horses|
|Withers||The withers is the ridge between the shoulder blades of the horse. The withers are formed by the dorsal spinal processes of roughly the 3rd through 11th thoracic vertebrae.|
|Apprentice jockey||A jockey who has ridden for less than a year and who receives weight allowances.
The weight allowance given to an apprentice jockey is called bug.
|Silks||The jockey’s jacket and cap|
|Officials responsible for overseeing the racing track. Stewards will, among other things, enforce rules and dispense punishments for rule infractions.|
|Vale||The valet keeps the jockey’s silks and equipment in order.|
|The weight that a horse is required to carry during the race. The assigned weight includes the weight of the jockey, of the equipment and of supplemental weighting (if any).|
|Call to Post||This bugle call signals the horses onto the racetrack.|
|Dead Heat||When two horses tie for a placing in the race.|
|Field||The horses in the race|
|Fraction||The split time and distance of a race.
Fractions are usually clocked in ¼ mile intervals.
|Furlong||1 furlong = 1/8 of a mile = 10 chains = 40 rods = 220 yards|
|Post Position||A horse’s position in the starting gate|
|Purse||Money paid to the top finishers of a race|
|Scratch||To remove a horse from a race (at any point prior to the start of the race)|
|Wire||The finish line of the race|